25 October 2013
The first Research and Practice Seminar held at the ROC has come to an end
On Friday, as well as the day before, three special projects of the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) were brought to the attention of those present at the Research and Practice Seminar – the specialists of the sports federations, the coaches and the representatives of the sports science and medicine. Two of the project reports were presented in front of Aleksandr Zhukov, who visited the Seminar together with the members of the ROC Executive Committee.
Vladimir Rostovtsev, the leader of the project, opened the second day of the Seminar with a presentation of the project called “Using dynamic electrical myostimulation in sports training”.
The reporter said that this method was aimed at improving the sports results not only by increasing strength and speed of movement, but also by making a physical action effective.
“This project is now under implementation. In November we are planning to test it on the Russian youth biathlon team, that is planning a training camp in Uvat, Tyumen Region”, – said Aleksandr Grushin, the Head of the ROC Department for methodological support of the sports training, on Friday.
According to him, this method is about the programmed dynamic electrical myostimulation that allows to stimulate certain muscle groups while performing basic sports activities.
“Within a short period of time we worked our way up from the cable system to the wireless system of electrical myostimulation complex”, – stressed Aleksandr Grushin.
After that a project called “Using additional artificial hypoxic influences in sports training” was presented to the audience. This project is widely used by many national teams of different sports both winter and summer.
Aleksandr Grushin explained that with this project a hematopoietic function of the athlete’s organism can be stimulated and the level of adaptation to the training loads can be improved.
“For the first time an algorithm of hypoxic influences usage was developed. Such matters as the individual tolerance to “high altitude” and organism response to the proposed loads were taken into account. As a result of scientific and experimental work a method of effective impact of hypoxia on the athlete’s performance in terms of “total hemoglobin mass” was tested for the first time in our country”, – said Aleksandr Grushin.
“This method is already being used in biathlon, speed skating, short track, cycling and even gymnastics. I can’t but mention that Russian skaters Denis Yuskov and Olga Fatkulina used hypoxic tents when preparing for the World Championship in the past sports season. They became the champions of the world as a result,”- said Alexander Grushin.
The effectiveness of this method was confirmed by Andrei Nesterenko, the head coach of the Paralympic cross-country skiing and biathlon national team of Ukraine. “This is really a working project. It was brought to a logical conclusion. I liked it very much. Though I should note that this project has grown to be cluttered with expensive equipment, but it’s worth it. For the athletes to effectively realize their potential in the middle altitude it might be well to implement this project. As soon as I return to Ukraine, I’ll start planting this project in our system of training,” – he said.
Andrey Voronov closed the seminar with the project called “The impact of electric stimulation on the cinematics, economical efficiency of the equipment and the skiers ‘explosive’ strength”.
As it appears from the presented report, the developments of this research offer us great opportunities in the area of improving the technology of the sports movement. Further work in this direction will allow us to pick the most effective exercises for all kinds of sports from a large number of calisthenics and special exercises being used.
“Often our athletes use electrical stimulation only to help muscles recover after exercise. It was very interesting for me to learn how such stimulation can be used during the work-out session,” – admitted Leonid Golubkov, the coach of Russia’s Rollerski team. He was inspired by what he saw.
– Sometimes athletes’ technique suffers. The faults are clearly seen on the smooth ground, where the speed increases and the people do not have time to “put their feet together” in order to make a good effort. This is where electrical stimulation can help significantly.
According to Aleksandr Grushin, with this method an individual set of exercises for each sports can be developed to get rid of the flaws in the step technique.
“Further development in this area should lead to the athletes’ speed increase at the distance, as well as to the improvement of the quality of their sporting movements,” – he added.
At the end of the seminar all-Russian winter sports federations received from the ROC published methodological recommendations for use during the preparations for the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi.